Lawrence is an internationally known physicist with wide research interests, including the interface between elementary particle physics and cosmology. He has long been an advocate of the public understanding of science and improving the quality of science education at all levels. In addition to other credits, Lawrence has been awarded the Oersted Medal, the highest award of the American Association of Physics Teachers, for his contributions to the teaching of physics. Krauss is one of the few prominent scientists today to have actively crossed the chasm between science and popular culture.
After receiving his Ph.D. in physics from MIT, he joined the Harvard Society of Fellows and then the faculty of the Physics and Astronomy departments at Yale University. From 1993-05 he served as the Chairman of the Physics department at Case Western Reserve University. In 2008 Lawrence took up a new post as Foundation Professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration and Physics Department at Arizona State University. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
In July 2015 the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists announced that Krauss has been elected Chair of the organization's Board of Sponsors. Also, Krauss has been named the 2015 Humanist of the Year by the American Humanists Association. The Humanist of the Year award was established in 1953 to recognize a person of national or international reputation who, through the application of humanist values, has made a significant contribution to the improvement of the human condition.
Lawrence is the author of over 300 scientific publications, as well as numerous popular articles on physics and astronomy and has also received numerous awards for his research and writing. His popular books include: Hiding in the Mirror (2005), Atom: An Odyssey from the Big Bang to Life on Earth...and Beyond (2001), The Physics of Star Trek (1995) and The Fifth Essence: The Search for Dark Matter in the Universe (1989), Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science (2011). His latest book, A Universe from Nothing (2013), was a New York Times best seller.